Ch'ang Hon Taekwon-Do


The pronunciation of Korean words (i.e., pattern names, commands, etc.) often seems difficult.  Part of this difficulty is in establishing sounds in the English language which correspond to Korean vowels and consonants.  This web page and the two pages linked below [Korean-English Dictionary and English-Korean Dictionary] contain many Korean words in their Romanized form which are often used in Taekwon-Do classes.  The lack of a direct correlation between many of the Korean Han-Geul characters and the English alphabet has made the Romanization of Korean words a varied and controversial issue over the years.  During most of the last century, the Romanization of Korean words was often carried out using the McCune-Reischauer transliteration method.  In 2000, the South Korean Government established a standard method for this transliteration.  This method has been used in all of the dictionary entries contained on this website, with the exception of most proper names and a few commonly accepted terms used in Taekwon-Do since its inception.  For more a detailed discussion concerning this subject, and a complete list of Korean words used in the various forms of the art of Taekwon-Do, please refer to “A Martial Artist’s Guide to Korean Terms, Translation, and Han-Gul”  (ISBN 1-884583-00-8).

To aid in the pronunciation of Korean words and enable the student to more readily look up Korean words, several characters of interest such as “eo”,“eu”,“pp”,“ss”,“ch”, “kk”, “tch”, “tt”, etc. are listed at the bottom of this page.

The information on the webpage is copyrighted.
All rights reserved.   Martial Artist's Guide to Korean Terms © TX0004773117 in 1998



The Korean to English Dictionary


"A"  -bang                                               Toward - "A"

a-hop                                                     Nine  [Native Korean]

a-hop-jjae                                              Ninth  [Native Korean]

an                                                          Inner

an  bal-mok  gwan-jeol                          Inner Ankle Joint

an-bu                                                     Eye  [region]

an-eu-ro                                                 Inward

an-eu-ro  cha-gi                                     Inward Kick

an-eu-ro  geut-gi                                    Inward Cross-cut

an-eu-ro  mak-gi                                     Inward Block

an-eu-ro  se-wo  cha-gi                           Inward Vertical Kick

an-eu-ro  ttae-ri-gi                                  Inward Strike

an-gu                                                     Eyeball

an  gyeong-gol                                      Inner Tibia

a-ni-o                                                     No (formal)

an-jeo                                                    Kneel  [sit down]

an-jjok                                                    Inside  [area]

an-jjok  heo-beok-da-ri                            Inside Thigh

an-jjok  mak-gi                                        Inside Block  or 

                                                                      Inner Block

an  mak-gi                                             Inside Block

an-myeon                                               Face Area  [Sino-Korean]

an-neun  jun-bi  seo-gi                         Sitting Ready Stance

an-neun  seo-gi                                    Sitting Stance

an-neun  seo  jji-reu-gi                          Sitting Stance Punch

An-nyeong  ha-se-yo ?                          Good morning. Good evening. Good afternoon. How are you?

                                                                    (informal form of greeting used any time of day)


An-nyeong  ha-sim-ni-kka ?                  Good morning. Good evening. Good afternoon. How are you?

                                                                    (formal greeting used any time of day)

An-nyeong-hi  ga-se-yo .                        Good-bye. (informal)

                                                                      [to person(s) who are leaving]

An-nyeong-hi  ga-sip-si-o .                     Good-bye. (formal)

                                                                       [to person(s) who are leaving]

An-nyeong-hi  gye-se-yo .                       Good-bye. (informal)

                                                                       [to person(s) who are staying]

An-nyeong-hi  gye-sip-si-o .                    Good-bye. (formal)

                                                                       [to person(s) who are staying]

An-nyeong-hi  ju-mu-se-yo .                    Good night. (informal)

An-nyeong-hi  ju-mu-sip-si-o .                 Good night. (formal)

an  pal-ja  jun-bi  seo-gi                          Inner Open Ready Stance

an  pal-ja  seo-gi                                     Inner Open Stance

an  pal-mok                                              Inner Forearm  [at the wrist]

an  pal-mok  mak-gi                                 Inner-Forearm Block

ap                                                           Front

ap  cha-gi                                               Front Kick

ap  cha-jji-reu-gi                                     Front Piercing Kick

ap  cha-meom-chu-gi                             Front Checking Kick

ap  cha-mil-gi                                         Front Pushing Kick

ap  cha-ol-li-gi                                        Front Rising Kick

ap  cha-pu-su-gi                                     Front Snap Kick  [smashing]

ap  da-ri                                                 Front Leg

ap  da-ri  cha-gi                                     Front Leg Kick

ap  jji-reu-gi                                           Front Punch

ap  jji-reu-myeo  cha-gi                         Front Punching Kick

ap  ju-meok                                           Forefist

ap-kkum-chi                                          Ball of the Foot

ap  mak-gi                                            Front Block

ap  nae-ryeo  ttae-ri-gi                          Front Downward Strike

ap  pal-gup                                          Front Elbow

ap  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                           Front Elbow Strike

ap  pal-gup  ttul-gi                               Front Elbow Thrust

ap  ttae-ri-gi                                         Front Strike

ap-chuk                                                Front Sole

ap-da-ri                                                Lead Leg

ap-da-ri  cha-gi                                    Lead Leg Kick

a-peu-ro  i-bo  om-gyeo                       Forward Double Step-Turning

   di-dim-yeo  dol-gi


a-peu-ro  om-gyeo                               Forward Step-turning

   di-di-myeo  dol-gi

a-rae  or  mit                                       Under

a-rae  bu-bun                                       Low Part  [body]



"B"  -bang                                                   Toward - "B"

ba-da  cha-gi                                             Counter Kick

Baek-je                                                      One of the Three Ancient Kingdoms of Korea

Baek-je  si-dae                                           Paekje Dynasty (18 B.C. - 663 A.D.) 

                                                                      (old spelling prior to 2000 was Paek-je si-dae)

baek-jeol  bul-gul                                       Indomitable Spirit

bae-kkob                                                    Umbilicus

ba-ji                                                           Practice Pants

ba-kkat                                                        Outer  or  Outside

ba-kkat  bal-mok  kwan-jeol                        Outside Ankle Joint

ba-kkat  gyeong-gol                                   Outside Tibia  [fibula]

ba-kkat  mak-gi                                          Outside Block

ba-kkat  pal-ja  jun-bi seo-gi                       Outer Open Ready Stance

ba-kkat  pal-ja  seo-gi                                 Outer Open Stance

ba-kkat  pal-mok                                         Outside Forearm

bak-keu-ro                                                  Outward

bak-keu-ro  cha-gi                                      Outward Kick

bak-keu-ro  geut-gi                                     Outward Cross-cut

bak-keu-ro  mak-gi                                     Outward Block

bak-keu-ro  se-wo  cha-gi                           Outward Vertical Kick

bak-keu-ro  ttae-ri-gi                                   Outward Strike

bal                                                             Foot

bal-ba-dak                                                  Foot Sole  [foot bottom]

bal-deung                                                   Instep

bal  deul-gi                                                Foot Lifting

bal-deung                                                  Instep

bal  dwi-chuk                                              Back Heel

bal  dwi-kkum-chi                                       Foot Back Sole  [heel]

bal  geol-gi                                                Foot Tackling

bal  gi-sul                                                   Foot Techniques

bal-kal                                                        Footsword

bal-kal  deung                                            Reverse Footsword

bal-kkeut                                                    Toes

bal-lal                                                        Edge of the Foot

bal  mat-seo-gi                                          Foot Sparring

bal-ga-rak                                                  Toe

bal-ga-rak-nal                                            Toe Edge

bal-mok                                                     Ankle

bal-mok  gwan-jeol                                    Ankle Joint

ban-dae                                                    Reverse

ban-dae  dol-lyeo  cha-gi                          Reverse Turning Kick

ban-dae  dol-lyeo  gi-sul                           Reverse Turning Techniques

ban-dae  jji-reu-gi                                     Reverse Punch

ban-dal  cha-gi                                         Crescent Kick

ban-dal  jji-reu-gi                                      Crescent Punch

ban-dal-son                                              Arc Hand

ban-dal-son  chu-kyeo  mak-gi                  Arc-hand Rising Block

ban-dal  ttae-ri-gi                                      Crescent Strike

ban-dong-nyeok                                       Reaction Force

ba-neung                                                  Reflex

bang-eo                                                    Defense

bang-eo-gi                                                Defensive Techniques

bang-hyang  ba-kku-gi                              Change Direction

ban-gyeok                                                 Counter Attack

ban-ja-yu  mat-seo-gi                                Semi-Free Sparring

ban-mom                                                  Half Facing

ban-sa  cha-gi                                           Reflex Kick

ba-ro                                                         Return  [to a ready or previous position]  or  Obverse

ba-ro  jji-reu-gi                                          Obverse Punch

bat-chi-gi                                                  Holding

bi-gol                                                        Fibula

bi-jang                                                      Spleen

bi-teu-reo  cha-gi                                      Twisting Kick

bok-bu                                                      Abdomen

bu-sa-beom                                              Assistant Instructor

bu-sa-beom-nim                                       Assistant Instructor Sir

bu-sang                                                    Injury

bu-sim                                                      Judge  or 


bu-su-gi                                                    Smashing

but-ja-ba  mak-gi                                      Grasping Block

but-jap-go  cha-gi                          Grasp and Kick



"C"  -bang                                              Toward - "C"

cha-bap-gi                                             Stamping Kick

cha-bu-su-gi                                           Snap Kick  [smashing]

cha-gi                                                    Kick  or  Kicking

cha-jji-reu-gi                                           Piercing Kick

cha-meom-chu-gi                                   Checking Kick

cha  mil-gi                                              Pushing Kick

cha-myeo  deu-reo o-gi                           Kick - Backward Stepping

cha-myeo  na-ga-gi                                Kick - Forward Stepping

Chang-Hon                                          Patterns system named for

                                                               General  Choi  Hong  Hi


Chang-Mu  Kwan                                   Chang  Mu  Kwan

                                                                [Korean Martial Art] 


cha-ol-li-gi                                              Rising Kick

cha-ryeot                                               Attention

cha-ryeot  seo-gi                                    Attention Stance

cha-ttul-gi                                              Thrusting Kick

cheok-chu  sin-gyeong                            Spinal Chord  [nerve]

cheok-gol                                              Ulna

cheok-gol  sin-gyeong                            Ulnar Nerve

cheok-ju                                                Spine

cheol-hak                                              Philosophy

Cheong-Do  Kwan                                   Cheong  Do  Kwan

                                                                 [Korean Martial Art] 


Cheon-Ji  teul                                           9th Geup Pattern

Cheon  ma-ne-yo .                                 Thats all right.

                                                                You’re welcome.  Not at all.


cheot-dan                                                Beginning Black Belt

cheot-jjae                                                First  [Native Korean]

cheuk-du-gol                                            Temporal Bone

cheuk-myeon                                           Side  [flank, lateral]

chi-bu                                                      Pubic Region

chil                                                          Seven  [Sino-Korean]

chil-dan                                                   Seventh Degree Black Belt

chil-geup                                                  High Yellow Belt  [Seventh Grade]

Choi  Hong  Hi,  Jang-gun                         Choi  Hong  Hi,  General

                                                                   [The Father of Taekwon-Do]

Choi-Yeong  teul                                      3rd Dan Pattern

cho-jeom                                                 Focus Point

cho-jeom  bang-pae                                 Focus Shield

chong-geom                                            Bayonet

cho-rok  saek                                          Green Color

cho-rok tti                                               Green Belt

cho-rok  tti-e  pu-reun  seon                     Green Belt with a Blue Stripe

chu-kkyeo  mak-gi                                   Rising Block

Chung-Jang  teul                                     2nd Dan Pattern

Chung-Mu  Kwan                                    Chung  Mu  Kwan

                                                                 [Korean Martial Art] 


Chung-Mu  teul                                       1st Geup Pattern

chung-neol                                              Line Up



"D"  -bang                                                  Toward - "D"

dae-bi                                                      Guard  or  Guarding

dae-bi  mak-gi                                            Guarding Block

dae bur-i  gong-gyeok                               Defense Against a Sudden Attack

dae  chong-geom                                       Defense Against a Bayonet

dae  dan-do                                               Defense Against a Dagger

Dae-dan-hi  gam-sa  ham-ni-da .              Thank you very much.  (formal) [Sino-Korean]

Dae-dan-hi  go-map  seum-ni-da .              Thank you very much.

                                                                  (formal) [Native Korean]


dae  gon-bong                                           Defense Against a Club

dae  gweon-chong                                       Defense Against a Pistol

dae  mong-dung-i                                       Defense Against a Pole

dae  mu-gi                                                 Defense Against an Armed Opponent

dae-ryeon                                                 Sparring

dae-toe-gol                                               Femur

dal-lyeon                                                  Forging

dal-lyeon  gu                                              Training Aids

dal-lyeon  ju                                               Forging Post

dal-lyeon  ppaek                                        Forging Bag

Dan                                                          Degree - Black Belt Ranking

dan-do                                                     Dagger

dan-geup  je-do                                          System of Ranking

Dan-Gun  teul                                            8th Geup Pattern

dan-jeung                                                 Degree Certificate

da-ri                                                         Leg

da-ri  pyeo-gi                                             Leg Stretching

da-seot                                                    Five  [Native Korean]

da-seot-jjae                                              Fifth  [Native Korean]

da-si                                                        Again

deon-ji-gi                                                  Throw  or  Throwing

deul-gi                                                      Lifting

deung                                                       Back

deung  ju-meok                                          Backfist

deung  ju-meok  ttae-ri-gi                             Backfist Strike

deung  pal-mok                                          Back of Forearm  [at the wrist]

deung-san                                                Mountain Climbing

deung  son-mok  dong-maek                        Back Wrist Artery

deu-reo  o-gi                                              Backward Stepping

deu-reo-ga-myeo  cha-gi                            Skip Kick

deu-reo-ga-myeo  gi-sul                              Skipping Techniques

deu-reo-ga-myeo  jji-reu-gi                          Skip Punch

deu-reo-ga-myeo  ttae-ri-gi                         Skip Strike

deu-reo-ga-myeo  ttul-gi                             Skip Thrust

di-di-gi                                                      Stepping

di-geut-ja  but-jap-gi                                   U-Shape Grasp

di-geut-ja  jji-reu-gi                                     U-Shape Punch

di-geut-ja  jji-reu-myeo  cha-gi                      U-Shape Punching Kick

di-geut-ja  mak-gi                                       U-Shape Block

Do                                                           Way  [Sino-Korean]   or  

                                                                     Art  [Sino-Korean]

do-bok                                                     Practice Suit or Uniform

do-jang                                                     Training Hall / Gymnasium

dol-gi                                                        Turning

dol-li-myeo  mak-gi                                     Circular Block

dol-lyeo  cha-gi                                          Turning Kick

dol-lyeo  jji-reu-gi                                        Turning Punch

dong-jak                                                   Motion,  Movement,  or  Actions

dong-jak  or  gi-sul                                    Technique

dong-jeok  an-jeong                                    Dynamic Stability

dong-maek                                               Artery

Do-San  teul                                              7th Geup Pattern

do-su  dal-lyeon                                         Calisthenics

du-ban-dal-son  mak-gi                               Double Arc-hand Block

du-gae-gol                                                Skull

du-ju-meok  jji-reu-gi                                   Double Fist Punch

dul                                                           Two  [Native Korean]

dul-jjae                                                     Second  [Native Korean]

du-pal-mok                                               Double Forearm

du-pal-mok  mak-gi                                    Double Forearm Block

du-son-deung                                            Double Backhand

du-son-ga-rak                                           Double Finger

du-son-ga-rak  ttul-gi                                  Double Finger Spear

du  yeop  pal-gup                                        Double Side Elbow

du  yeop  pal-gup  ttul-gi                               Double Side Elbow Thrust

dwi                                                           Back

dwi-chuk                                                   Heel  [back sole]

dwi-chuk                                                   Back Heel

dwi-chuk  him-jul                                         Achilles Tendon

dwi-chuk  yak-jeom                                    Achilles Heel

dwi  do-ra                                                  About Face [back turn]

dwi-ji-beo  jji-reu-gi                                     Upset Punch

dwi-ji-beun  son-kkeut                                 Upset Fingertip

dwi-kkum-chi                                             Heel

dwi-kkum-chi  or  dwi-chuk                          Back Sole  [heel area of the foot]

dwi-ro  do-ra                                              About Face

dwi-ro  do-ra                                              Turn Around  [about face]

dwi-ro  i-bo  om-gyeo  di-di-myeo dol-gi         Backward Double Step-Turning

dwi-ro  om-gyeo  di-di-myeo  dol-gi               Backward Step-Turning

dwit                                                          Back

dwit-bal  seo-gi                                          Rear-Foot Stance

dwit  cha-bu-su-gi                                       Back Snap Kick  [smashing]

dwit  cha-gi                                                Back Kick

dwit  cha-jji-reu-gi                                       Back Piercing Kick

dwit  cha-mil-gi                                           Back Pushing Kick

dwit  da-ri                                                  Rear Leg,  or   Back Leg

dwit  gyeong-gol                                        Achilles Tendon  [back tibia]

dwit  pal-gup                                              Back Elbow

dwit  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                                Back Elbow Strike

dwit  pal-gup  ttul-gi                                     Back Elbow Thrust

dwi  ttae-ri-gi                                             Back Strike



eo-kkae                                                  Shoulder

eo-kkae  gwan-jeol                                Shoulder Joint

eol-gul                                                      Face

eol-gul  bu-wi                                           Face Parts

eom-ji  ba-tang                                       Thumb Ridge

eom-ji-gu                                                 Thenar  [thumb knuckle web]

eom-ji  gwan-jeol                                    Thumb Joint

eom-ji  ju-meok                                       Thumb Knuckle Fist

eom-ji  ju-meok  jji-reu-gi                       Thumb Knuckle Punch

eom-ji  son-ga-rak                                  Thumb

eong-deong-i  gwan-jeol                        Hip Joint

eo-peun  pyeon  son-kkeut                    Upset Flat Fingertip

eo-peun  son-kkeut                                Flat Fingertip

Eui-Am  teul                                            2nd Dan Pattern

Eul-Ji  teul                                               4th Dan Pattern





gal-lyeo                                                    Break  [separate the fighters]

gal-lyeo                                                    Separate the Fighters  [break]

Gam-sa  ham-ni-da .                                 Thank you.

                                                                  (formal) [Sino-Korean]


gang-han                                                  Strong


gan-jang                                                   Liver

ga-ri-u-gi                                                  Covering

ga-seum                                                   Chest

ga-un-dae                                                 Middle

ga-un-dae  bu-bun                                      Middle Section

ga-un-dae  cha-gi                                       Middle Kick

ga-un-dae  gong-gyeok                               Middle Attack

ga-un-dae  jji-reu-gi                                    Middle Punch

ga-un-dae  mak-gi                                      Middle Block

ga-un-dae  ttae-ri-gi                                   Middle Strike

ga-un-dae  ttul-gi                                        Middle Thrust

ga-wi  son-kkeut                                        Double Finger Spear

geo-buk-seon                                            Turtle Ship

geol-cheo  cha-gi                                       Hooking Kick

geol-cheo  mak-gi                                      Hooking Block

geo-meun  saek                                         Black Color

geo-meun  tti                                             Black Belt

geong-gol                                                 Cervical Vertebrae

geon-neun  seo  ban-dae  jji-reu-gi                 Walking Stance Reverse Punch

geon-neun  seo  ba-ro  jji-reu-gi                     Walking Stance Obverse Punch

geon-neun  seo-gi                                      Walking Stance

geo-reo  cha-gi                                          Hook Kick

geo-reo  jji-reu-gi                                        Hooking Punch

geo-ul                                                       Mirror

geu-ja-ri  cha-gi                                          Spot Kick

geu-ja-ri  dol-gi                                           Spot Turning

geu-ja-ri  jji-reu-gi                                       Spot Punch

geu-ja-ri  mak-gi                                         Spot Block

geu-ja-ri  ttae-ri-gi                                      Spot Strike

geu-ja-ri  ttul-gi                                           Spot Thrust

geuk-gi                                                      Self Control

geu-man                                                   Stop

geun-yuk                                                  Muscle

geup                                                        Grade - Colored Belt Ranking

geup-jeung                                                Grade Certificate

geup-so                                                    Vital Spots

geup-so  jji-reu-gi                                       Vital Point Attacking

geut-gi                                                      Cross-Cut

gi                                                             Life Energy  [Sino-Korean]

gi-bon                                                       Basic - Basic Foundation

gi-bon  sam-bo  mat-seo-gi                          Basic Three-Step Sparring without a Partner

gi-bon  yeon-seup                                      Fundamental Exercises

gi-hap                                                       Shout  or  Yell

gi-hap  or  jip-jung                                     Concentration

gin ju-meok                                               Long Fist

gin ju-meok  jji-reu-gi                                  Long Fist Punch

gi-rok                                                       Recorder

gi-sul  or  dong-jak                                     Technique

gi-yeok-ja  jji-reu-gi                                     Angle Punch

Go-Dang  teul                                             2nd Dan Pattern

Go-gu-ryeo                                               One of the Three Ancient Kingdoms of Korea

Go-gu-ryeo  si-dae  (37 B.C. - 668A.D.)     Go-gu-ryeo Dynasty 

                                                                       [old spelling prior to 2000 was Koguryo  si-dae]

go-jeong  seo-gi                                         Fixed Stance

gok-gwaeng-i  cha-gi                                  Pick-Shape Kick

gol                                                           Bone  [Sino-Korean]

Go-map  seum-ni-da .                               Thank you.                                                       (formal) [Native Korean]

gom-son                                                   Bear Hand

gon-bong                                                  Club  [weapon]

gong-gi  bang-pae                                      Air Shield

gong-gyeok                                              Attack

gong-gyeok  bu-wi                                      Attacking Tools

gong-gyeok-gi                                           Attack Techniques

Go-ryeo  si-dae                                        Go-ryeo Dynasty (918 A.D. - 1392)

                                                                      [old spelling prior to 2000 was Ko-ryeo]


gu                                                            Nine  [Sino-Korean]

gu-bu-ryeo  jun-bi  seo-gi                             Bending Ready Stance

gu-bu-ryeo  seo-gi                                      Bending Stance

gu-dan                                                      Ninth Degree Black Belt

gu-geup                                                    High White Belt  [Ninth Grade]

gu-geup                                                    Ninth Grade  [High White Belt]

gu-ja  mak-gi                                              Nine-Shape Block

guk-gi                                                       Flag  [National]

guk-gi                                                       National Flag

guk-gi-e  dae-ha-yeo                                  Face the (National) Flag

guk-gi-e  dae-ha-yeo  gyeong-nye                Salute the (National) Flag

guk-je                                                       International

Guk-je  Tae-kwon-Do  Yeon-maeng             International Taekwon-Do Federation

gul-leu-gi                                                  Roll  or  Rolling

gu-reu-neun  dong-jak                                 Stamping Motion

gu-seong                                                  Composition

gwang-dae  ppyeo                                     Cheek Bone

Gwang-Gae  teul                                        1st Dan Pattern

gwan-ja-no-ri                                            Temporo-Mandibular Joint

gwan-jeol                                                  Joint

gweon  [in Sino-Korean]  or  ju-meok                  Fist

Gweon-Beop                                            Gweon-Beop

                                                                 [Chinese Martial Art]


gwi                                                           Ear

gwon-chong                                              Pistol

Gye-Baek  teul                                           1st Dan Pattern

gye-geup                                                  Rank

gyeo-deu-rang-i                                        Armpit

gyeok-pa-gi                                              Breaking

gyeol-hu                                                   Adam’s Apple

gyeom-son                                               Humility

gyeon-gap                                                Upper Back

gyeong-bu                                                Cervical Bundle

gyeong-chu                                               Small of the Back

gyeong-gi                                                 Competition

gyeong-gol                                               Tibia

gyeong-gol  sin-gyeong                               Tibial Nerve

gyeong-nye                                               Bow  [salute]

gyeong-nye                                               Salute  [bow]

gyeong-nye  ja-se                                      Bowing Posture

gyeo-ru-gi                                                 Bout  or  Match

gye-si                                                       Timer

gye-sok                                                    Continue

gyo-cha  ju-meok                                       X-Fist

gyo-cha  ju-meok  chu-kkyeo  mak-gi              X-Fist Rising Block

gyo-cha  ju-meok  mak-gi                             X-Fist Block

gyo-cha  jun-bi  seo-gi                                 X-Ready Stance

gyo-cha  seo-gi                                          X-Stance

gyo-cha  son-deung                                    X-Backhand

gyo-cha  son-kal                                        X-Knifehand

gyo-cha  son-kal  chu-kkyeo  mak-gi               X-Knifehand Rising Block

gyo-cha  son-kal  mak-gi                              X-Knifehand Block

gyu-jeong                                                 Rules

gyun-hyeong                                             Equilibrium



ha-ak-gol                                                  Mandible Bone  [Sino-Korean]

ha-ban-sin                                                Foot Parts  [lower half of body]

ha-bok-bu                                                 Lower Abdomen

ha-dan                                                      Low Level

hae-san                                                    Dismissed

ha-na                                                       One  [Native Korean]

ha-neul-son                                               Heaven Hand

ha-neul-son  seo-gi                                     Heaven Hand Stance

han-jjok  i-bo  mat-seo-gi                             One-Way Two-Step Sparring

han  son-ga-rak                                          Forefinger

han  son-ga-rak  ttul-gi                                 Single Finger Spear  [thrust]

han-jjok  sam-bo  mat-seo-gi                        One-Way Three-Step Sparring

Hap-Ki-Do                                                Hap-Ki-Do                                                                        [Korean Martial Art] 


he-chyeo  mak-gi                                       Wedging Block

heo-ri                                                       Waist

heo-ri  mak-gi                                            Waist Block

him                                                           Force   or  Power

him-jul                                                      Tendon

hi-mui  wol-li                                               Theory of Power

ho-gu                                                       Protective Sparring Equipment

ho-heup                                                    Breathing

ho-heup  jo-jeol                                          Breath Control

ho-mi  son-kkeut                                        Angle Fingertip

hon-hap                                                    Combination

hon-hap  cha-gi                                          Combination Kick

hon-hap  gong-gyeok                                  Combination Attack

ho-sin-sul                                                  Self Defense

hu-bae                                                      Junior

hu-du-bu                                                   Occiput

hu-du-gol                                                  Occipital Bone

hu-i-bu                                                      Mastoid

huin  saek                                                  White Color

huin  tti                                                      White Belt

huin  tti-e  no-ran  seon                                 White Belt with a Yellow Stripe

hwal-deung  pa-do                                     Sine Wave

Hwa-rang  Do                                            Hwa-Rang Code of Ethics

Hwa-Rang-Do                                           Hwa  Rang  Do

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art] 


Hwa-rang  teul                                           2nd Geup Pattern

hyeong                                                     Pattern  [Old ITF term]

hyung-gol                                                  Sternum



i                                                               Two  [Sino-Korean]

i-bang  cha-gi                                             Two-Direction Kick

i-bo  mat-seo-gi                                         Two-Step Sparring

i-bo  om-gyeo  di-di-gi                                 Double Stepping

i-bo  om-gyeo  di-di-myeo  dol-gi                   Double Stepping Turn

i-dan                                                        Second Degree Black Belt

i-eo-jin  dong-jak                                        Connecting Motion

i-geup                                                       Low Red Belt  [Second Grade]

i-geup                                                       Second Grade  [Low Red Belt]

i-jung  ap  cha-bu-su-gi                                Double Front Snap Kick  [smashing]

i-jung  cha-gi                                              Double Kick

i-jung  gong-gyeok                                      Double Attack

i-jung  ttae-ri-gi                                           Double Strike

il                                                              One  [Sino-Korean]

il-bo  mat-seo-gi                                         One-Step Sparring

il-bo  om-gyeo  di-di-gi                                 Single Stepping

il-dan                                                        First Degree Black Belt

il-geup                                                      First Grade  [High Red Belt]

il-geup                                                      High Red Belt  [First Grade]

il-gop                                                        Seven  [Native Korean]

il-gop-jjae                                                 Seventh  [Native Korean]

i-ma                                                         Forehead

in-gan-mi                                                  Humanity

in-ji  ju-meok                                              Fore-knuckle Fist

in-jung                                                      Philtrum

in-nae                                                       Perseverance

ip-sul                                                        Lips



ja-gyeok-jeung                                          Certificate

ja-jeun-bal                                                 Shifting Feet Quickly  [dodging]

ja-jeun-bal  om-gyeo  di-di-gi                        Shifting Feet Quickly - Stepping

jang-bi                                                       Equipment

jap-gi                                                        Grab  [Grasp]

ja-yu  mat-seo-gi                                        Free Sparring

je-chil                                                       Seventh  [Sino-Korean]

je-gu                                                         Ninth  [Sino-Korean]

je-I                                                           Second  [Sino-Korean]

je-il                                                           First  [Sino-Korean]

je-ja                                                         Student

je-o                                                          Fifth  [Sino-Korean]

jeo-go-ri                                                   Practice Shirt

jeong-gang-i                                              Shin

jeong-jeok  an-jeong                                   Static Stability

jeong-sin                                                   Tenets

jeong-sin  su-yang                                      Moral Culture

jeong-ui                                                    Righteousness

je-pal                                                        Eighth  [Sino-Korean]

je-sa                                                        Fourth  [Sino-Korean]

je-sam                                                      Third  [Sino-Korean]

je-sip                                                        Tenth  [Sino-Korean]

jeuk-si  gong-gyeok                                    Instantaneous Attack

je-yuk                                                       Sixth  [Sino-Korean]

ji-ap                                                         Press Finger

Ji-Do  Kwan                                               Ji-Do  Kwan

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art] 

ji-hye                                                        Wisdom

jil-lyang                                                     Mass

jip be-gae                                                 Straw Pad

jip-ge-son                                                 Finger Pincers

jji-geo  cha-gi                                             Straight Kick

jji-reu-gi                                                    Punch  or  Punching

jji-reu-myeo  cha-gi                                    Punching Kick

                                                                 (airborne combination)


jji-reu-myeo  deu-reo  o-gi                            Punch - Backward Stepping

jji-reu-myeo  na-ga-gi                                  Punch - Forward Stepping

Jo-seon  si-dae                                         Jo-seon  si-dae  Dynasty (1392 - 1910)

                                                                       (old spelling prior to 2000 was Cho-son  si-dae)


Ju-che  teul                                                2nd Dan Pattern


jul-lo  seo                                                   Line Up

ju-meok  or  gweon  [in Sino-Korean]              Fist

jun-bi                                                        Ready

jun-bi  seo-gi                                              Ready Stance

jung-dan                                                   Middle Level  [in Sino-Korean]

jung-gan  sin-gyeong                                  Median Nerve

Jung-Geun  teul                                          4th Geup Pattern

jung-ji                                                       Middle Finger

jung-ji  ju-meok                                           Middle Knuckle Fist

jung-nyeok  jung-sim                                   Center of Gravity

jung-sim                                                    Balance

ju-sim                                                       Referee

jwa-gol  sin-gyeong                                    Sciatic Nerve



kal                                                           Knife

Ka-ra-te                                                   Karate

                                                               [Japanese Martial Art]


keon-neun  jun-bi  seo-gi                              Walking Ready Stance

kkeut                                                        End

kkeut                                                        Tip

kko-gi                                                       Crossing

ko                                                            Nose

kong-pat                                                   Kidney

kwan                                                        School  or  founding location  [Sino-Korean]




maek-bak  son-mok  dong-maek                  Radial Artery

ma-geu-myeo  deu-reo  o-gi                         Block - Backward Stepping

ma-geu-myeo  na-ga-gi                              Block - Forward Stepping

mak-gi                                                      Block  or  Blocking

mak-gi  bu-wi                                             Blocking Tools

mak-gi  dae                                               Blocking Apparatus

mat-ba-da  gong-gyeok                              Head-On Attack

mat-seo-gi                                                Sparring

mat-seo-gi  je-do                                        Sparring System

meom-chu-gi                                             Checking

meom-chwo  mak-gi                                   Checking Block

meo-ri                                                      Head

Mi-an  ham-ni-da                                        Sorry  or  I am sorry.

mi-deok                                                    Virtue

mi-gan                                                      Bridge of the Nose

mi-gol                                                       Coccyx

mi-kkeul-gi                                                Slide  or  Sliding

mi-kkeu-reom  bal                                      Shifting the Body by Moving Both Feet

mi-kkeu-reum-bal-lo                                  Backward Sliding Punch

   jji-reu-myeo deu-reo-o-gi

mi-kkeu-reum-bal-lo                                 Forward Sliding Punch

   jji-reu-myeo na-ga-gi

mil-gi                                                        Pushing

mi-reo mak-gi                                           Pushing Block

mit  or  a-rae                                             Under

mit  ju-meok                                               Under Fist

mit  pal-mok                                               Under Forearm  [at wrist]

mit  teok                                                    Point of the Chin

mo-a  jun-bi  seo-gi                                     Close Ready Stance

mo-a  seo-gi                                              Close Stance

mo-a seo ha-neul-son                     Close Stance with a Heaven Hand

mo-beom  mat-seo-gi                                 Model Sparring

mo-deum-bal                                            Drawing the Feet together

mok                                                         Neck

mok  dong-maek                                        Neck Artery  [Carotid]

mok-gu-meong                                          Throat

mom                                                        Body

mom  bu-bun                                              Section of the Body

mom  nat-chu-gi                                         Body Dropping

mom-tong                                                 Trunk of the Body

mom-tong  bat-chim                                   Pushups

mom-tong  bu-wi                                        Body - Middle Part

mom-ttung  bun                                          Section of the Body

mong-dung-i                                              Pole  or  Staff

mong-dung-i  jap-gi                                     U-Shape Grasp

mong-dung-i  jap-gi                                     Pole Grasp

mong-dung-i  jap-go  mak-gi                       U-Shape Grasping Block  or 

                                                                       Pole Grasping Block

mong-dung-i  mak-gi                                   U-Shape Block

mong-dung-i  mak-gi                                   Pole Block

Mu-Duk Kwan                                        Mu  Duk  Kwan

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art] 

mung-nyeom                                             Meditate

Mun-Mu  teul                                              4th Dan Pattern

mu-reup                                                    Knee

mu-reup  gwan-jeol                                     Knee Joint

mu-sa                                                          Warrior

mu-sa  jun-bi  seo-gi                                    Warrior Ready Stance

mu-sul                                                      Martial Art

myeong-chi                                               Solar Plexus



naeng-su  ma-chal                                      Cold Showers and Baths

nae-ryeo                                                   Downward

nae-ryeo  cha-gi                                         Downward Kick

nae-ryeo  gyo-cha  ju-meok  mak-gi               Downward X-Fist Block

nae-ryeo  gyo-cha  mak-gi                           Downward X-Block

nae-ryeo  gyo-cha  son-kal  mak-gi                Downward X-Knifehand Block

nae-ryeo  jji-reu-gi                                      Downward Punch

nae-ryeo  mak-gi                                        Downward Block

nae-ryeo  ttae-ri-gi                                     Downward Strike

nae-ryeo  ttul-gi                                          Downward Thrust

na-ga-gi                                                    Forward Stepping

na-jeun  bu-bun                                          Low Section

na-jeun-dae                                              Low

na-jeun-dae  cha-gi                                     Low Kick

na-jeun-dae  gong-gyeok                            Low Attack

na-jeun-dae  jji-reu-gi                                  Low Punch

na-jeun-dae  mak-gi                                    Low Block

na-jeun-dae  ttae-ri-gi                                 Low Strike

na-jeun-dae  ttul-gi                                     Low Thrust

na-ran-hi  jun-bi  seo-gi                                Parallel Ready Stance

na-ran-hi  mak-gi                                        Parallel Block

na-ran-hi  seo-gi                                         Parallel Stance

na-ran-hi seo gyo-cha son-deung            Parallel Stance with an X-Backhand

na-ran-hi seo ha-neul-son                         Parallel Stance with a Heaven Hand

na-ran-hi seo po-gaen son-deung           Parallel Stance with an Overlapped Backhand

na-ran-hi seo ssang-yeop pal-dung         Parallel Stance with a Twin Side Elbow

nat-chu-gi                                                 Ducking

nat-chweo  seo-gi                                      Low Stance

ne                                                            Yes

ne-jjae                                                      Fourth  [Native Korean ]

net                                                           Four  [Native Korean ]

neuk-gol                                                   Rib  [Native Korean ]

neuk-gol  sin-gyeong                                  Intercostal Nerve

neu-rin  dong-jak                                        Slow Motion

ni-eun-ja  jun-bi  seo-gi                                 L-Ready Stance

ni-eun-ja  seo-gi                                         L-Stance

ni-eun-ja  seo  no-peun-dae  mak-gi               L-Stance High Block

nim                                                           Sir, father, honorable master, mister, esquire

                                                                     [when added as a suffix  e.g.,  sa-beom-nim]


no-peun  bu-bun                                         High Section


no-peun-dae                                             High

no-peun-dae  gong-gyeok                           High Attack

no-peun-dae  jji-reu-gi                                 High Punch

no-peun-dae  mak-gi                                  High Block

no-peun-dae  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                    High Elbow Strike

no-peun-dae  pal-gup  ttul-gi                        High Elbow Thrust

no-peun-dae  ttae-ri-gi                                High Strike

no-peun-dae  ttul-gi                                    High Thrust

no-pi  bi-teu-reo  cha-gi                               High Twisting Kick

no-pi  cha-gi                                               High Kick

no-ran  saek                                              Yellow Color

no-ran  tti                                                   Yellow Belt

no-ran  tti-e  cho-rok  seon                            Yellow Belt with a Green Stripe

no-ri                                                         Temple

nul-leo  cha-gi                                            Pressing Kick

nul-leo  gyo-cha  ju-meok  mak-gi                  Pressing X-Fist Block

nul-leo  mak-gi                                           Pressing Block

nun                                                           Eye

nu-wo  bal  gi-sul                                         Ground Foot Technique

nu-wo  cha-gi                                             Ground Kick

nu-wo  da-ri  kko-gi                                     Ground Leg Crossing

nu-wo  gi-sul                                              Ground Technique

nu-wo  jji-reu-gi                                          Ground Punch

nu-wo  mu-reup  gu-bu-ri-gi                          Ground Knee Bending

nu-wo  pi-ha-gi                                           Ground Dodging

nu-wo  son  gi-sul                                        Ground Hand Technique

nu-wo  ttae-ri-gi                                         Ground Strike

nu-wo  ttul-gi                                              Ground Thrust



o                                                              Five  [Sino-Korean]

o-dan                                                       Fifth Degree Black Belt

O-Do Kwan                                              O  Do  Kwan

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art]


oe-bal  seo-gi                                            One-Leg Stance

oen                                                          Left

oen  bal                                                     Left Foot

oen  da-ri                                                   Left Leg

oen  pal                                                     Left Arm

oen  seo-gi                                               Left Stance

oen  son                                                    Left Hand

oen-jjok                                                    Left Side  [direction]

oen-jjok-eu-ro  do-neun                               Counter Clockwise Turn

oe  ju-meok                                               Single Fist


oe pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                                   Single Elbow Strike


oe  pal-gup  ttul-gi                                       Single Elbow Thrust

oe  seon  pal-mok                                       Single Straight Forearm

oe  seon  pal-mok  mak-gi                            Single Straight Forearm Block

oe  seon  son-kal                                        Single Straight Knifehand

oe  seon  son-kal  mak-gi                              Single Straight Knifehand Block

oe  yeop  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                           Single Side Elbow Strike

oe  yeop  pal-gup  ttul-gi                               Single Side Elbow Thrust

o-geum                                                     Fossa of the Knee

o-geup                                                     Fifth Grade  [High Green Belt]

o-geu-ryeo  seo-gi                                      Crouched Stance

ol-li-gi                                                       Rising

ol-lyeo                                                      Upward

ol-lyeo  cha-gi                                            Upward Kick

ol-lyeo  jji-reu-gi                                         Upward Punch

ol-lyeo  mak-gi                                           Upward Block

om-gyeo                                                   Shifting

om-gyeo  di-di-gi                                        Stepping and Shifting

om-gyeo  di-di-myeo  dol-gi                         Stepping and Shifting Turn

om-gyeo  di-di-myeo  ja-jeun-bal                  Stepping and Shifting Foot Changing

o-myeo  mi-kkeul-gi                                    Sliding the Feet to Cover Long Distances

on-mom                                                    Full Facing

o-reum                                                     Correct

o-reun                                                      Right

o-reun bal                                                 Right Foot

o-reun  da-ri                                               Right Leg

o-reun-jjok                                                Right Side  [direction]

o-reun-jjok-eu-ro  do-neun                           Clockwise Turn

o-reun  pal                                                 Right Arm

o-reun  seo-gi                                           Right Stance

o-reun  son                                                Right Hand



pal                                                           Arm

pal                                                           Eight  [Sino-Korean]

pal-dan                                                     Eighth Degree Black Belt

pal-geup                                                   Eighth Grade  [Low Yellow Belt]

pal-gup                                                     Elbow  [bottom]

pal-gup                                                     Forearm  [near the elbow]

pal-gup  gwan-jeol                                      Elbow Joint

pal-gup  nae-ryeo  ttae-ri-gi                         Elbow Downward Strike

pal-gup  nae-ryeo  ttul-gi                              Elbow Downward Thrust

pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                                       Elbow Strike

pal-gwa-da-ri                                            Extremities

pal-gwae                                                  Eight-Diagrams

pal-ja  jun-bi  seo-gi                                     Open Ready Stance

pal-ja  seo-gi                                              Open Stance

pal-juk-ji                                                    Upper Arm

pal-kkum-chi                                             Forearm  [near the elbow]

pal-kkum-chi                                             Elbow  [general area]

pal-mok                                                    Wrist of the Forearm  [near the wrist]

pal-mok  he-chyeo  mak-gi                           Forearm Wedging Block

pa-tang-son                                              Palm-Heel

pi-ha-gi                                                     Dodging

pi-ha-myeo  cha-gi                                     Dodging Kick

pi-ha-myeo  gi-sul                                       Dodging Technique

pi-ha-myeo  gong-gyeok                            Dodging Attack

pi-ha-myeo  jji-reu-gi                                   Dodging Punch

pi-ha-myeo  ttae-ri-gi                                  Dodging Strike

pi-ha-myeo  ttul-gi                                      Dodging Thrust

pil-seung                                                    Certain Victory

Po-Eun  teul                                               1st Dan Pattern

po-gaen  son-deung                                   Overlap Backhand

ppal-gan  saek                                           Red Color

ppal-gan  tti                                               Red Belt

ppal-gan  tti-e  geo-meun  seon                     Red Belt with a Black Stripe

ppa-reun  dong-jak                                     Fast Motion

ppyeo                                                       Bone

pu-reun  saek                                             Blue Color

pu-reun  tti                                                 Blue Belt

pu-reun  tti-e  ppal-gan  seon                        Blue Belt with a Red Stripe

pyeo-gi                                                     Stretching

pyeon  ju-meok                                          Open Fist

pyeon  ju-meok  jji-reu-gi                              Open-Fist Punch

pyeon  son-kkeut                                        Spear Hand







sa                                                            Four  [Sino-Korean]

sa-bang  cha-gi                                         Four-Direction Kick

sa-beom                                                   Instructor - Teacher

sa-beom  bu-ryu                                         Classification of Instructor

sa-beom-nim                                             Instructor Sir - Teacher Sir

sa-beom-nim  kke                                     Face the Instructor

sa-dan                                                     Fourth Degree Black Belt

sa-geup                                                   Fourth Grade  [Low Blue Belt]

sa-hoe  bong-sa                                       Public Service

sa-hyeon                                                  Master Instructor

                                                                       - Senior Teacher

sa-hyeon-nim                                            Master Instructor Sir

                                                                       - Senior Teacher Sir

sa-je  ji-do                                                 Student/Instructor Relationship

Sa-ju  Jji-reu-gi                                         10th Geup Pattern exercise

Sa-ju  Mak-gi                                           10th Geup Pattern exercise

sa-jung  cha-gi                                           Quadruple Kick

Sa-ju  Ttul-gi                                             2nd Geup Pattern exercise

sam                                                         Three  [Sino-Korean]

sam-bang  cha-gi                                      Three-direction Kick

sam-bo  mat-seo-gi                                    Three-Step Sparring

sam-bo  om-gyeo  di-di-gi                          Triple Stepping

sam-dan                                                   Third Degree Black Belt

sam-geup                                                 Third Grade  [High Blue Belt]

Sam-Il  teul                                               3rd Dan Pattern

sam-jung  cha-gi                                       Triple Kick

sam-jung  gong-gyeok                               Triple Attack

sam-jung  jji-reu-gi                                     Triple Punch

sam-jung  ttae-ri-gi                                    Triple Strike

sam-jung  ttul-gi                                        Triple Thrust

san                                                          Mountain

sang-ak-gol                                              Maxilla Bone

sang-bak-gol                                             Humerus

sang-bok-bu                                             High Abdomen

sang-bok-bu                                             Upper Abdomen

sang-dan                                                  High Level  [Sino-Korean]

Sang-Mu  Kwan                                        Sang  Mu  Kwan

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art]


sang-wan  sin-gyeong                               Brachial Plexus

san  mak-gi                                              W-Shape Block

sa-seong                                                  Grand Master

sa-seong-nim                                            Grand Master Sir

sa-seon  seo-gi                                          Diagonal Stance

sa-ta-gu-ni                                                Groin

se-gye-jeok                                              World-Wide

se-jjae                                                      Third  [Native Korean]

Se-jong  teul                                             5th Dan Pattern

seo-gi                                                      Stance

seon                                                         Straight  or  Line

seon-bae                                                  Senior

seong-sil                                                   Integrity

seon  pal-gup                                             Straight Elbow

seon  pal-gup  ttul-gi                                    Straight Elbow Thrust

seon  pal-mok                                            Straight Forearm

seon  pal-mok  mak-gi                                 Straight Forearm Block

seon  son-keut                                           Straight Fingertip

Seo-San  teul                                            5th Dan Pattern

set                                                           Three  [Native Korean]

seul-gae-gol                                             Patella

seung-geup  sim-sa                                    Promotion Test

seu-pon-ji  be-gae                                      Sponge Pad

se-wo  cha-gi                                             Vertical Kick

se-wo  jji-reu-gi                                          Vertical Punch

si-beom                                                    Demonstration

si-dae                                                       Dynasty

si-hap                                                       Bout  or  Match

si-jak                                                        Begin,  Commence, Start

sil-gyeok                                                   Disqualification

Sil-la                                                        One of the Three Ancient Kingdoms of Korea

Sil-la  si-dae                                             Silla Dynasty (57 B.C. - 935 A.D.)

                                                                     [old spelling prior to 2000 was Shilla]


Sil-lye  ham-ni-da .                                    Excuse me.   or  

                                                                  Pardon me.


sim-jang                                                   Heart

sim-pan                                                    Umpire

sim-pan  bu-ryu                                          Classification of Umpire

sim-sa                                                      Test for Rank Promotion

sin-chuk                                                    Flexibility

sin-gyeong                                                Nerve

sin-yong                                                   Trust

sip                                                           Ten  [Sino-Korean]

sip-dan                                                     Tenth Degree Black Belt

sip-geup                                                   Tenth Grade  [Low White Belt]

so-gim                                                      Fake  or  Faking

sok-do                                                      Speed

sok-do-wa  ba-neung                                  Speed and Reflex

son                                                          Hand

son-ba-dak                                               Palm  [hand bottom]

son-deung                                                Backhand

son-ga-rak  ba-dak                                   Finger Belly  [bottom]

son-ga-rak  gwan-jeol                               Finger Joint

son-ga-rak  ju-meok                                   Knuckle Fist

son-ga-rak  ju-meok  jji-reu-gi                       Knuckle Fist Punch

son  gi-sul                                                 Hand Techniques

son-kal                                                     Knifehand

son-kal  ba-tang                                        Base of Knifehand

son-kal  deung                                           Reverse Knifehand

son-kal  he-chyeo  mak-gi                            Knifehand Wedging Block

son-kal  mak-gi                                          Knifehand Block

son-kal  ttae-ri-gi                                        Knifehand Strike

son-kkeut                                                 Fingertip

son-mok                                                   Wrist

son-mok  deung                                        Bow Wrist

son-mok  deung  mak-gi                            Bow Wrist Block

son-mok  gwan-jeol                                   Wrist Joint

son-nal                                                     Edge of the Hand

ssang-bal  cha-gi                                      Twin-Foot Kick

ssang  deung  ju-meok                              Twin Backfist

ssang  ju-meok                                         Twin Fist

ssang  pal-gup                                          Twin Elbow

ssang  pal-gup  ttul-gi                                Twin Elbow Thrust

ssang  pal-mok  mak-gi                             Twin Forearm Block

ssang  seon  pal-mok                                Twin Straight Forearm

ssang  seon  pal-mok  mak-gi                    Twin Straight Forearm Block

ssang  seon  son-kal                                 Twin Straight Knifehand

ssang  seon  son-kal  mak-gi                     Twin Straight Knifehand Block

ssang  son-ba-dak  chu-kkyeo  mak-gi       Twin Palm Rising Block  [hand bottom]

ssang  son-deung                                     Twin Backhand

ssang  son-kal                                          Twin Knifehand

ssang  son-kal  deung  ttae-ri-gi                 Twin Reverse Knifehand Strike

ssang  son-kal  mak-gi                              Twin Knifehand Block

ssang  son-kal  ttae-ri-gi                            Twin Knifehand Strike

ssang  yeop  dwit  pal-gup  ttul-gi                   Twin Side Back Elbow Thrust

ssang  yeop  ju-meok                                Twin Side Fist

ssang  yeop  pal-gup  ttul-gi                       Twin Side Elbow Thrust

sseu-reo  cha-gi                                         Sweeping Kick

Su-Bak-Gi                                                Su  Bak  Gi

                                                                  [Ancient Korean Martial Art]


su-jik  seo-gi                                              Vertical Stance

sum-tong                                                  Windpipe

su-pyeong  jji-reu-gi                                    Horizontal Punch

su-pyeong  pa-do                                       Horizontal Wave

su-pyeong  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                       Horizontal Elbow Strike

su-pyeong  pal-mok                                    Horizontal Forearm

su-pyeong  pal-mok  mak-gi                         Horizontal Forearm Block

su-pyeong  ttae-ri-gi                                   Horizontal Strike

su-pyeong  ttae-ri-myeo  cha-gi                    Horizontal Striking Kick

su-pyeong  ttul-gi                                       Horizontal Thrust

su-ryeon                                                   Training

su-ryeon  gye-hoek-pyo                              Training Schedule

su-ryeon  jang-bi                                        Training Equipment

su-ryeon-saeng                                         Trainee

swae-gol                                                  Clavicle

swi-eot                                                     At Ease



tae                                                           Foot  [Sino-Korean]

tae                                                           Kick or Kicking  [Sino-Korean]

tae-geuk                                                   Eternity  or 

                                                                   Great Absolute


Tae-kwon-do                                            Taekwon-Do  or 


                                                                  [Korean Martial Art] 


Tae-Kyeon                                                Tae  Kyeon

                                                                  [Ancient Korean Martial Art]


Tang-Su-Do                                              Tang  Su  Do 

                                                                 [Korean Martial Art]


Tang-Su-Do Mu-Duk Kwan                       Tang  Su  Do  Mu  Duk  Kwan

                                                                 [Korean Martial Art]


teok                                                         Chin  or  Jaw


teok-geo-ri                                                Chin-up

teok  gwan-jeol                                          Mandibula

teul                                                          Pattern

teul-lim                                                     Incorrect

Toe-Gye  teul                                              3rd Geup Pattern

tom-nal  pa-do                                           Saw-Tooth Wave

Tong-il  teul                                                6th Dan Pattern

ttae-ri-gi                                                   Strike  or  Striking Technique

ttae-ri-myeo  deu-reo o-gi                           Strike - Backward Stepping

ttae-ri-myeo  na-ga-gi                                 Strike - Forward Stepping

tteo-reo-ji-gi                                              Fall  or  Falling

tteu-reo  mak-gi                                         Scooping Block

tti                                                             Belt

tti  saek                                                     Belt Color

ttul-gi                                                        Thrust  or  Thrusting

ttu-reu-myeo  deu-reo  o-gi                          Thrust - Backward Stepping

ttu-reu-myeo  na-ga-gi                                Thrust - Forward Stepping

ttwi-gi                                                       Flying [jumping]  or 

                                                                  Jumping to Evade


ttwi-myeo  ap  cha-go  bi-teu-reo  cha-gi         Flying Front and Twisting Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  bi-teu-reo  cha-gi                        Flying Twisting Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  cha-gi                                       Flying Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  du-bal  yeop  cha-mil-gi                Flying Double Foot Side Pushing Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  ga-wi  cha-gi                              Flying Scissors-Shape Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  gi-sul                                         Flying Techniques  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  hon-hap  cha-gi                           Flying Combination Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  hon-hap  gong-gyeok                  Flying Combination Attack  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  i-jung  gong-gyeok                      Flying Double Attack  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  jji-reu-gi                                     Flying Punch  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  neo-meo  cha-gi                          Flying Overhead Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  neo-meo  jji-reu-gi                       Flying Overhead Punch  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  ra-seon-sik  cha-gi                      Flying Spiral Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  sam-jung  gong-gyeok                 Flying Triple Attack  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  ttae-ri-gi                                    Flying Strike  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  ttul-gi                                        Flying Thrust  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  yeon-sok  cha-gi                         Flying Consecutive Kick  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  yeon-sok  gong-gyeok                 Flying Consecutive Attack  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  yeon-sok  jji-reu-gi                      Flying Consecutive Punch  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  yeon-sok  ttae-ri-gi                      Flying Consecutive Strike  [jumping]

ttwi-myeo  yeon-sok  ttul-gi                          Flying Consecutive Thrust  [jumping]

ttwi-yeo  dol-myeo  cha-gi                            Mid-Air Kick  [jump-rotating]

ttwi-yeo  dol-myeo  gi-sul                             Mid-Air Techniques  [jump-rotating]

ttwi-yeo  dol-myeo  jji-reu-gi                         Mid-Air Punch  [jump-rotating]

ttwi-yeo  dol-myeo  ttae-ri-gi                        Mid-Air Strike  [jump-rotating]

ttwi-yeo  dol-myeo  ttul-gi                            Mid-Air Thrust  [jump-rotating]



un-dong                                                    Exercise





Won-Hyo  teul                                          6th Geup Pattern

wi                                                            Upper

wi  dwit  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                            Upper and Back Elbow Strike

wi  pal-gup                                                 Upper Elbow

wi  pal-gup  ttae-ri-gi                                   Upper Elbow Strike

wi-ro                                                        Upward

wit  mok                                                    Upper Neck

wit  teok                                                    Angle of the Mandible  [upper jaw] 







ya-gan                                                      Weak

yak-sok  ban-ja-yu  mat-seo-gi                     Pre-arranged Semi-Free Step-Sparring

yak-sok  i-bo  mat-seo-gi                             Pre-Arranged Two-Step Sparring

yak-sok  il-bo  mat-seo-gi                            Pre-Arranged One-Step Sparring

yak-sok  ja-yu  mat-seo-gi                           Pre-Arranged Free Sparring

yak-sok  mat-seo-gi                                   Pre-Arranged Sparring

yak-sok  mo-beom  mat-seo-gi                     Pre-Arranged Model Sparring

yak-sok  sam-bo  mat-seo-gi                       Pre-Arranged Three-Step Sparring

yang-jjok  i-bo  mat-seo-gi                           Two-Way Two-Step Sparring

yang-jjok  sam-bo  mat-seo-gi                      Two-Way Three-Step Sparring

ye                                                            Yes

Ye  an-nyeong  ha-se-yo ?                           Fine, and how are you? (informal)

Ye  an-nyeong  ha-sim-ni-kka ?                    Fine, and how are you? (formal)

ye-eui                                                        Courtesy

ye-jeol                                                      Etiquette

yeo-deol                                                   Eight  [Native Korean]

yeo-deol-jjae                                             Eighth  [Native Korean]

yeo-haeng                                                Travel

yeok-sa                                                    History

yeol                                                          Ten  [Native Korean]

yeol-jjae                                                   Tenth  [Native Korean]

yeom-chi  or  seong-sil                              Integrity

Yeon-Gae  teul                                          4th Dan Pattern

yeon-maeng                                              Federation

yeon-seup                                                Exercises

yeon-sok                                                  Continuous

yeon-sok  ban-ja-yu  mat-seo-gi                   Continuous Semi-Free Step-Sparring

yeon-sok  cha-gi                                        Consecutive Kick  [continuous]

yeon-sok  dong-jak                                     Continuous Motion

yeon-sok  gong-gyeok                                Consecutive Attack

yeop  or  yeop-gu-ri                                   Side

yeop  ap  cha-bu-su-gi                                 Side Front Snap Kick  [smashing]

yeop  ap  cha-gi                                          Side Front Kick

yeop  ap  cha-mil-gi                                     Side Front Pushing Kick

yeop  ap  jji-reu-gi                                       Side Front Punch

yeop  ap  mak-gi                                         Side Front Block

yeop  ap  ttae-ri-gi                                      Side Front Strike

yeop  ap  ttul-gi                                           Side Front Thrust

yeop  bal-ba-dak                                        Side Foot Sole  [bottom]

yeop  bal-deung                                         Side Instep

yeop  cha-gi                                               Side Kick

yeop  cha-jji-reu-gi                                      Side Piercing Kick

yeop  cha-meom-chu-gi                              Side Checking Kick

yeop  cha-mil-gi                                         Side Pushing Kick

yeop  cha-ol-li-gi                                        Side Rising Kick

yeop  cha-ttul-gi                                         Side Thrusting Kick

yeop  dol-lyeo cha-gi                                  Side Turning Kick

yeop  dwit  ttae-ri-gi                                    Side Back Strike

yeop  dwit ttul-gi                                        Side Back Thrust

yeop  geut-gi                                             Side Cross-Cut

yeop-gu-ri  or  yeop                                   Flank  or  Side

yeop  jji-reu-gi                                            Side Punch

yeop  jji-reu-myeo  cha-gi                           Side Punching Kick

                                                                 [airborne combination]


yeop  ju-meok                                            Side Fist

yeop  mak-gi                                              Side Block

yeop-mom                                                Side Facing

yeop  mu-reup                                           Side Knee

yeop  nae-ryeo  ttae-ri-gi                             Side Downward Strike

yeop  pal-gup                                             Side Elbow

yeop  pal-gup  ttul-gi                                    Side Elbow Thrust

yeop  se-wo  jji-reu-gi                                  Side Vertical Punch

yeop  teok                                                 Side Jaw

yeop  ttae-ri-gi                                           Side Strike

yeop  ttul-gi                                               Side Thrust

yeo-seot                                                   Six  [Native Korean]

yeo-seot-jjae                                             Sixth  [Native Korean]

Yi-jo  si-dae                                               Yi Dynasty (1392 - 1910)

yo-gol                                                       Radius

yo-gol  sin-gyeong                                      Radial Nerve

yu-in  mak-gi                                              Luring Block

yuk                                                           Six  [Sino-Korean]

yuk-dan                                                    Sixth Degree Black Belt

yuk-geup                                                  Sixth Grade  [Low Green Belt]

Yul-Gok  teul                                             5th Geup Pattern

Yun-Mu  Kwan                                          Yun  Mu  Kwan

                                                                  [Korean Martial Art] 


yu-ri  neuk-gol                                            Floating Rib  [Sino-Korean]

Yu-Sin  teul                                                3rd Dan Pattern




Help in pronunciation and indexing of Korean words

The Korean alphabet has two “o” type character pronunciations which are confusing -- an “o” which is pronounced like the “o” in “rope”, and an “eo” which is pronounced like the “au” in “caught”.

The Korean alphabet has two “u” type character pronunciations which are sometimes confusing --  a “u” which is pronounced like the “oo” in “root”, and an “eu” which is pronounced like the “u” in “cup”.

The Korean alphabet has three “b” or “p” type character pronunciations which are sometimes confusing – a “b” which is pronounced like the “b” in “begin”, a more aspirated “p” which is pronounced like the “p” in “punch”, and a more sharply aspirated “pp” which is pronounced like the “p” in “spill”.

The Korean alphabet has three “j” or “ch” type characters which are sometimes confused in pronunciation – a “j” which is pronounced like the “j” in “judge”, a more aspirated “ch” which is pronounced like the “ch” in “champ”, and a more sharply aspirated “tch” which is pronounced like the “t” in “trick”.

The Korean alphabet has three “d” or “t” type character pronunciations which are sometimes confused in pronunciation – a “d” which is pronounced like the “d” in “dog”, a more aspirated “t” which is pronounced like the “t” in “tackle”, and a more sharply aspirated “tt” which is pronounced like the “t” in “tip”.

The Korean alphabet has three “g” or “k” type characters which are sometimes confused in pronunciation – a “g” which is pronounced like the “g” in “game”, a more aspirated “k” which is pronounced like the “k” in “karma”, and a more sharply aspirated “kk” which is pronounced like the “k” in “skill”.

The Korean alphabet has two “s” type character pronunciations which are sometimes confused in pronunciation – an “s” which is pronounced like the “s” in “sample”, and a sharper “ss” which is pronounced like the “s” in “simple”.



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