The pattern history, pattern diagram, and number of movements for
the pattern Yeon-Gae
history, pattern diagram, and number of movements for the pattern Eul-Ji
history, pattern diagram, and number of movements for the pattern Mun-Mu
The history of the Founder of Taekwon-Do
– General Choi Hong-Hi:
Choi was born a sickly child in North
Korea on November 9, 1918. He was sent to Mr. Han Il-Dong to learn calligraphy. Mr.
Han also taught him the ancient art of Tae-Kyeon, Korean foot fighting. This tough physical training helped
the youngster to strengthen his body. In 1937, he went to Japan to further his skills to become a world
class calligrapher. A fellow Korean was teaching Japanese Karate and young Choi trained hard and returned
to Korea as a 2nd Degree Black belt.
When World War II started,
he was forced to serve in the Japanese army. He planned a Korean independence movement. Along
with other Koreans who were in the Japanese army, he started a rebellion. As the leader, the Japanese interned
him in a military prison. In his cell, he practiced his martial arts to remain physically fit and mentally
Soon he was teaching his cellmate, guard, and eventually the whole prison staff. He received a
seven-year sentence from the military court. His sentence ended early in August 1945, when American forces
liberated the prison where he was being held. Early in 1946, he was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the
new South Korean army. He was also one of the original founders of the R.O.K. army. He
rose quickly to the rank of Brigadier General and was one of the most brilliant commanders in the Korean War.
In 1953, he organized the crack 29th Infantry Division. As commander, he led his soldiers in learning
the martial arts. His military students were members of O-Do Kwan (Gym of My Way). By
then, he was molding a new Korean martial art. Taking the foot fighting of T’ae-Kyeon and blending
the Karate techniques he formed the foundation of Taekwon-Do.
In late 1954, he commanded
Cheong-Do Kwan (Gym of the Blue Wave). It was the largest civilian gym in Korea. He
was also promoted to Major General. In 1955, a board of martial arts masters, historians, and leaders of
society was formed to pick a new name for a purely Korean martial art. They unanimously chose the name
Taekwon-Do submitted by General Choi on April 11, 1955.
General Choi passed away, at the age of 82,
on June 11th, 2002 in Pyongyang, North Korea.
of a Warrior Ready Stance Type A (Mu-sa Jun-bi Seo-gi A)
The characteristics of a Parallel Ready Stance with an X-Backhand (na-ran-hi jun-bi seo-gi gyo-cha son-deung)