Ch'ang Hon Taekwon-Do

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Practice Level
This pattern is practiced by the 1st Dan Black Belt
in preparation for their testing for 2nd Dan Black Belt

Korean Pronunciation:

        Gwang-Gae teul

 

Pattern History: Gwang-Gae is named after the famous Gwang-Gae To-Wang, the 19th King of the Goguryeo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria.  The diagram is in the shape of the Chinese character for land (), representing the expansion and recovery of the lost territory.  The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 A.D., the year he came to the throne.

Number of Movements:  39

Pattern Diagram: 

Kwang-Gae

Step-by-Step Description of Movements:

The pattern begins when the instructor commands the student to come to attention (cha-ryeot).  When given this command, assume an Attention Stance on the X on the AB line, facing D.  This is followed by the instructor stating the pattern that the student will perform (Gwang-Gae teul). 

On the command to assume the ready position (jun-bi), move the left foot to B to form a Parallel Stance with a Heaven Hand toward D.  Remain in this parallel stance with a heaven hand toward D until given the command to begin the pattern. 

When the command to begin the pattern is given (si-jak), perform the following individual movements in sequence.  The pattern should be performed according to the guidelines listed in the section on essential points in performing patterns.

 
1.    Move the left foot to the side of the right foot (at the same time bringing both hands around
             in a circular motion) to form a close ready stance type B (full facing) toward D.


2.    Move the left foot to D to form a left walking stance toward D, while executing (full facing)
             an upset punch to D with the right forefist.
        
Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the left foot.

3.    
Move the right foot to D to form a right walking stance toward D, while executing (full facing) 
             an upset punch to D with the left forefist.
 
         Perform
this move in a slow motion  sliding the right foot.


4.    Move the ball of the left foot to the side front of the right foot, and then move the right foot to D 
             to form a right walking stance toward D, while executing (half facing) a high hooking block
             to D with the right palm.
        
Perform this move in a double stepping motion.

5.    
Move the right foot to C in a sliding motion to form a right L-stance toward D, while executing
             (half facing) a low guarding block to D with the knifehand.
 
         Perform
this move in a sliding motion.


6.    Move the ball of the right foot to the side front of the left foot, and then move the  
             left foot to D to form a left walking stance toward D, while executing  
             (half facing) a high hooking block to D with the left palm.
        
Perform this move in a double stepping motion.

7.    
Move the left foot to C in a sliding motion to form a left L-stance toward D, 
             while executing (half facing) a low guarding block to D with the knifehand.

         Perform
this move in a sliding motion.


8.    Move the left foot to D to form a right rear foot stance toward D, while executing  
             (half facing) a high guarding block to D with the knifehand.


9.    
Move the right foot to D to form a left rear foot stance toward D, while executing  
             (half facing) a high guarding block to D with the knifehand.


10.   
Move the ball of the left foot to the side front of the right foot.  Then, pivoting on the ball
              of the left foot and turning counter-clockwise, move the right foot to D to form
              a left walking stance toward C, while executing (full facing) an upward block
              to C with the right palm.
        
Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the right foot.

11.   
Move the right foot to C to form a right walking stance toward C, while executing
              (full facing) an upward block to C with the left palm.
        
Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the right foot.

12.   Move the left foot to the side of the right foot to form a close stance toward C,
              while executing (full facing) a low front block with the right knifehand, striking
              the left palm with the right knifehand (moving both hands in a circular motion).

13.   Execute a pressing kick to E with the left footsword, keeping the position of the hands
              as they were in move 12 above (a low front block with the right knifehand).
  
         Perform
moves 13 and 14 in a consecutive kicking motion. 


14.   
Execute a middle side piercing kick to E with the left footsword, keeping the position of the
              hands as they were in move 13 above (a low front block with the right knifehand).

15.   Lower the left foot to E to form a right L-stance toward E, while executing (half facing  
              a high inward strike to E with the right knifehand, bringing the left side fist in front
              of the right shoulder

16.   Pull the left foot to the side of the right foot to form a close stance toward C, while  
              executing (side facing) a side downward strike to E with the left side fist
.

17.   Execute a pressing kick to F with the right footsword, keeping the position of the hands
              as they were in move 16 above (a side downward strike with the left side fist).
 
         Perform
moves 17 and 18 in a consecutive kicking motion.

18.   Execute a middle side piercing kick to F with the right footsword, keeping the position of the 
              hands as they were in move 17 above (a side downward strike with the left side fist). 


19.   
Lower the right foot to F to form a left L-stance toward F, while executing (half facing
               a high inward strike to F with the left knifehand, bringing the right side fist in front
               of the left shoulder.

20.   Pull the right foot to the side of the left foot to form a close stance toward C,
              while executing (side facing) a downward strike to F with the right side fist.

21.   Move the left foot to C to form a left low stance toward C, while executing (full facing)
              a pressing block to C with the right palm
.
        
Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the left foot.

22.   Move the right foot to C to form a right low stance toward C, while executing (full facing)
              a pressing block to C with the left palm.

 Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the right foot.

23.   While pivoting on the ball of the left foot and turning clockwise, move the right foot to D in
              a stamping motion to form a sitting stance toward F, while executing (side facing)
              a high side strike to D with the right backfist.
 
          Perform
this move in a stamping motion.


24.   
While pivoting on the ball of the left foot and turning clockwise, move the right foot to D
              to form a right walking stance toward D, while executing (half facing) a middle block to D
             with the right double forearm.

25.   Shifting to C while maintaining a right walking stance toward D, execute (reverse half facing) 
              a low block to D with the left outer forearm, keeping the position of the right hand as it was
              in move 24 above (in the position of a middle outward block with the right inner forearm).
        
Perform this move in a shifting motion.

26.   Slip the right foot to D to form a right low stance toward D, while executing (full facing)
              a high front thrust to D with the right flat fingertip.
        
Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the right foot.

27.   
While pivoting on the ball of the right foot, move the left foot on the CD line in a stamping  
              motion to form a sitting stance toward F, while executing (side facing) a high side strike 
              to C with the left backfist.
 
         Perform
this move in a stamping motion.


28.   While pivoting on the ball of the left foot and turning counterclockwise, move the right foot to D 
              to form a left walking stance toward C, while executing (half facing) a middle block to C
             with the left double forearm.

29.   Shifting to D while maintaining a left walking stance toward C, execute (reverse half facing)
              a low block to C with the right outer forearm, keeping the position of the right hand as it  
              was in move 28 above (in the position of a middle outward block with the left inner forearm).
        
Perform this move in a shifting motion.

30.   
Slip the left foot to C to form a left low stance toward C, while executing (full facing)
             a high front thrust to C with the left flat fingertip.
         Perform this move in a slow motion – sliding the left foot.

31.   
Move the right foot to C in a stamping motion to form a right walking stance toward C, 
             while executing (full facing) a high vertical punch to C with a twin forefist.
        
Perform this move in a stamping motion.

32.   
While pivoting on the ball of the right foot, move the left foot to A in a stamping motion to 
             form a left walking stance toward A, while executing (full facing) an upset punch to A
             with a twin forefist.
        
Perform this move in a stamping motion.

33.   
Execute a middle front snap kick to A with the ball of the right foot, keeping the position
             of the hands as they were in move 32 above (an upset punch with a twin forefist). 


34.   Lower the ball of the right foot to the side front of the left foot.  Then, pivoting on the ball of the  
            right foot and turning clockwise, move the left foot to A to form a left L-stance toward B, 
            while executing (half facing) a middle guarding block to B with the knifehand.


35.   Move the left foot to B to form a left walking stance toward B, while executing
              a high front punch (full facing) to B with the left forefist.


36.   
Move the right foot to B in stamping motion to form a right walking stance toward B,
             while executing (full facing) an upset punch to B with a twin forefist.
        
Perform this move in a stamping motion.

37.   
Execute a middle front snap kick to B with the ball of the left foot, keeping the position
             of the hands as they were in move 36 above (an upset punch with a twin forefist)
.

38.   Lower the ball of the left foot to the side front of the right foot.  Then, pivoting on the ball 
             of the left foot and turning counterclockwise, move the right foot to B to form a right 
             L-stance toward A, while executing (half facing) a middle guarding block to A
             with the knifehand.

39.   Move the right foot to A to form a right walking stance toward A, while executing (full facing)
a high front punch to A with the right forefist.


After completing the last movement, wait one move interval and then shout "
Gwang-Gae" as though
it were a "gi-hap."  Remain in the position of this last move until given the command
to return to the ready position (
ba-ro).

END:
When the command to return to the ready position (ba-ro) is given, bring the left foot back onto the AB line to form a parallel stance with a heaven hand toward D.  Remain in this stance until given
the at-ease command (
swi-eot).