Ch'ang Hon Taekwon-Do

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Beginning 2-Step Sparring

The main purpose of Two-Step Sparing is to help the student acquire a working knowledge of attacking with hands and feet alternately.  It is however, entirely optional whether the attacker uses the hand or foot first.  As in the case of Three-Step Sparring there are two methods of practice; One-Way and Two-Way.  In One-Way Two-Step Sparring, the attack is executed only while stepping forward and the defense while stepping backward.

Beginning 2-Step Sparring is the required Step-Sparring format for promotion when testing for 5th Geup, High Green Belt.  It should begin with a simplebow to your partner.  The bow should be at 15o, while looking at your partner's eyes.  The junior student should come up from the bow after their senior.  All routines are to be performed in a formal manner with a high degree of discipline.  When performing this level of step-sparring the student should keep the following points in mind:

• Distance is still very important at this level of step sparring, however it should no longer be critical to measure every time.  At this level of step-sparring the student should have a good understanding of the concept of distance.

• Two-Step Sparring is not intended for the attacker to show off.  The emphasis should be on the defender's performance. 

• Students should be familiar with all terminology to ensure that the Step-Sparring routines proceed smoothly and there are no delays.

• Instructions given to sparring partners should be simple, clear, easily understood, and technically correct.

• It is important that the defender use correct stances, and that all blocks are executed properly and with the appropriate tools.

• It is important that the student ensure that all attacks and counter-attacks use appropriate tools and are directed at suitable vital spots. 

• The student should not be in a hurry - step sparring is sloppy when it is carried out in a fast motion.

• An appropriate block, attack, or counter-attack is a technique that is taught to the student at their belt level or a technique that is in one of the patterns up through their testing pattern. 

 

Number and Type of Counter-Attacks:

     In beginning 2-Step Sparring only one counter-attack is to be used, and it may be either a hand or a foot technique.  (Double Kicking techniques and 2-kick consecutive techniques will count as a single counter-attack.)  This counter-attack may only consist of techniques that are taught to the student at their belt level, including required kicks, as well as all techniques used in patterns up through their testing pattern.  This is pattern Weon-Hyo if the student is testing for 5th Geup, High Green Belt.

Distance Measuring:     

     Distance measurement is no longer considered critical at this level, since the student should already have a good understanding of the concept of distance.  However, if necessary, it should be conducted as follows: both students must come to attention; and the attacker will step forward into either a right or left L-Stance placing his/her foot between the defender's feet. 

     If the attacker is to start from a Walking Stance – both students must come to attention.  The attacker will step forward with his/her right foot into a right Walking Stance placing his/her right foot just to the outside the defender’s left foot.

     If the attacker is to start from a L-Stance – both students must come to attention.  The attacker will step forward into either a right or left L-Stance placing his/her lead foot between the defender’s feet.

Preparatory Move:         

     Both the attacker and the defender will step into a Parallel Ready Stance, with the attacker stepping to the right and the defender stepping to the left.  The defender will tell the attacker which set of attack sequences (hand/foot or foot/hand) are to be used by the attacker, as well as which L-Stance to start from.  

     The attacker will step back with his/her foot into the appropriate L-Stance and execute a middle Guarding Block with the Outer Forearm, and ki-ap at the same time. 

Next Move:                                   

     The defender will start from a Parallel Ready Stance, and must ki-ap to signal his/her readiness to begin. 

First Attack and Block:             

     If the attacker begins with a hand attack followed by a foot attack, he/she will step forward into the appropriate stance and execute the appropriate hand attack. 

     If the attacker begins with a foot attack, followed by a hand attack, he/she will execute the appropriate attack with the foot of the rear-leg step down into the next appropriate stance with the kicking leg after being blocked. 

     As the attacker executes the first of the prearranged sequence of attacks, the defender will step back into a similar stance while executing an appropriate block.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Second Attack and Block:                   

     If the attacker began with a hand attack followed by a foot attack, he/she will now execute the appropriate rear-leg foot attack, and then step down with the kicking leg into the next appropriate stance after being blocked. 

     If the attacker began with a foot attack followed by a hand attack, he/she will now step forward into the next appropriate stance and execute the appropriate hand attack.

     As the attacker executes the second of the prearranged sequence of attacks, the defender will step back into a similar stance while executing an appropriate block.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Counter-Attack:  

     The defender will execute a single appropriate counter-attack and ki-ap at the same time.  If the counter-attack is a kick, the defender will step down with the kicking leg into an appropriate stance.  There is no need for the defender to attempt to have their counter-attacks make more than light contact with the attacker.

Return to Ready Position:       

     Both the attacker and the defender will step into a Parallel Ready Stance, with the attacker stepping backward and the defender stepping forward.  The attacker returns to a ready position after the defender has initiated a movement to return to a ready position. 

 

 

SAMPLE STEP-SPARRING ROUTINES:

 

                                            Example One

First Attack

Middle Side Piercing Kick from an L-Stance

First Defense

Middle Outer Forearm Guarding Block from an L-Stance

Second Attack

       (while stepping into Walking Stance)

Downward Strike with the Knife-Hand

Second Defense

       (from the same stance)

Rising Block with the Outer Forearm

Counter-Attack

Middle Obverse Front Punch with the Forefist from a Fixed Stance

 

                                            Example Two

First Attack

Low Front Snap Kick From L-Stance

First Defense

       (facing chest to chest and while stepping backward)

Reverse Low Outer Forearm Block from an L-Stance

Second Attack

       (while stepping into Walking Stance with the other foot)

Middle Obverse Front Punch with the Forefist from a Fixed Stance

Second Defense

Twin Outer Forearm Block Stepping Back Into An L-Stance

Counter-Attack

Inward Strike With Knife-Hand from an L-Stance

 

 

 


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