Ch'ang Hon Taekwon-Do

Information for Beginners Information for Beginners

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 Two-Way 3-Step Sparring
 
Three-Step Sparring are the initial basic sparring exercises among beginners usually from the 9th Geup thru 6th Geup.  These are exercises for familiarization of correct attack and defense techniques utilizing mainly hands against middle and high targets, and the feet against low targets while stepping forward and backward.  There are two methods of practice; One-Way, and Two-Way.  Both of them can be practiced either alone or with companion.
 

• One-Way Three-Step Sparring - The attack is executed only while stepping forward, and defense while stepping backward.

• Two-Way Three-Step Sparring - Both attacks and defenses are executed while stepping both forward and backward. 

 
Two-Way 3-Step Sparring is the required Step-Sparring format for promotion when testing for 6th Geup, Low Green Belt.  It should begin with a simple bow to your partner.  The bow should be at 15o, while looking at your partner’s eyes.  The junior student should come up from the bow after their senior.  All routines are to be performed in a formal manner with a high degree of discipline.  When performing this level of step-sparring the student should keep the following points in mind:
 

• Distance is still very important at this level of step sparring, however it should no longer be critical to measure every time.  At this level of step-sparring the student should have a good understanding of the concept of distance.

• Step sparring is most successfully executed when both the attacker and the defender are about the same height.

• Two-Way 3-Step Sparring is performed in such a way that both the attack and the defense are executed while stepping either forward or backward.

• It is important that the defender use correct stances, and that all blocks are executed properly and with the appropriate tools.

• It is important that the student ensure that all attacks and counter-attacks use appropriate tools and are directed at suitable vital spots. 

• If the attacker uses Walking Stances and the defender uses L-Stances, all of the attacker’s foot positions are to the outside of the defender’s feet. 

• If the attacker uses L-Stances, and the defender uses L-Stances, the attacker’s foot positions are first to the inside of the defender’s foot then outside and finally inside.

• If the attacker uses L-Stances and the defender uses Walking Stances, all of the attacker’s foot positions will be inside of the defender’s feet.

• The student should not be in a hurry - step sparring is sloppy when it is carried out in a fast motion.

• An appropriate block, attack or counter-attack is a technique that is taught to the student at their belt level or a technique that is in one of the patterns up through their testing pattern. 

 

Number and Type of Counter-Attacks:

     Two-Way 3-Step Sparring should include one counter-attack at this level.  The counter-attack may consist of a hand or foot technique.  The counter-attack may only consist of techniques that are taught to the student at their belt level, to include required kicks, as well as all techniques used in patterns up through their testing pattern.  This includes all techniques used in patterns up through their testing pattern.  This is pattern Do-San if the student is testing for 6th Geup, Low Green Belt.

Distance Measuring:

     Distance measurement is no longer considered critical at this level, since the student should already have a good understanding of the concept of distance.  However, if it is needed it should be conducted as follows:

     If the attacker is to start from a Walking Stance – both students must come to attention.  The attacker will step forward with his/her right foot into a right Walking Stance placing his/her right foot just to the outside the defender’s left foot.

     If the attacker is to start from a L-Stance – both students must come to attention.  The attacker will step forward into either a right or left L-Stance placing his/her lead foot between the defender’s feet.

Preparatory Move:

     Both the attacker and the defender will step into a Parallel Ready Stance, with the attacker stepping to the right and the defender stepping to the left.  The defender will tell the attacker which techniques to perform and which stances to use.

     If the attacker is to start from a Walking Stance – The attacker will step back with his/her right foot while executing a left Walking Stance and a low Block with the left Outer forearm.  The attacker must ki-ap at the same time as he/she executes the Low Block.

     If the attacker is to start from an L-Stance – The attacker will step back with his/her right foot into a right L-Stance while executing a low Block with the left Outer Forearm.  The attacker must ki-ap at the same time as he/she executes the Low Block.

Next Move:

     At the same time that the attacker steps back into his/her preparatory stance, the defender moves the left foot to the left, into a Parallel Ready Stance.  The defender must ki-ap to signal his/her readiness to begin. 

First Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step forward into the appropriate stance, placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot and executes an appropriate hand attack.  The defender will step back with his/her right foot into an appropriate stance and executes an appropriate block.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Second Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step forward with his/her rear leg into the same stance placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot and again executes the same hand attack used in the first attack.  The defender will steps back with the opposite leg into the same stance used in the first defense then execute the same block used in the first attack.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Third Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step forward with his/her rear leg into the same stance, placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot and executes the same hand attack used in the first attack.  The defender will step back with the opposite leg into the same stance used in the first defense and executes the same block used in the first attack.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Counter-Attack:

     While maintaining the stance, the defender will execute a middle reverse Front Punch as the counter-attack, and ki-ap at the same time.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact. 

Fourth Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step backward with his/her lead leg into the same stance, and executes the same hand attack.  The defender will step forward with his/her right foot placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot into the same stance and executes the same block.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Fifth Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step backward with his/her lead leg into the same stance, and again executes the same hand attack used in the first attack.  The defender will step forward with the opposite leg placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot into the same stance used in the first defense and executes the same block used in the first attack.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Sixth Attack and Block:

     The attacker will step backward with his/her rear leg into the same stance, and executes the same hand attack used in the first attack.  The defender will step forward with the opposite leg placing their front foot on the correct side of the defender’s foot into the same stance used in the first defense and executes the same block used in the first attack.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact.

Final Counter-Attack:

     While maintaining the stance, the defender will execute a middle reverse Front Punch as the counter-attack, and ki-ap at the same time.  The blocking technique should only result in light contact. 

Return to Ready Position:

     Both the attacker and the defender will step into a Parallel Ready Stance, with the attacker stepping backward with their right foot, and the defender stepping forward with their right foot.  The attacker returns to a ready position after the defender has initiated a movement to return to the A-B line. 

Preparation of the Next Routine:

     It should not be necessary to adjust the distance between the participants very often at this level.  However, if necessary, the new attacker will come to attention to signal the defender that a measurement is necessary.  The defender will then come to attention.  The attacker will then step forward to recheck the distance as it was done in the beginning of this Step-Sparring routine.

 

 

 

Back to Step-Sparring Requirements

Go to 6th Geup Testing Requirements

Go to 6th Geup Nomenclature Requirements

Go to 6th Geup Breaking Requirements